Should you use affect or effect?
Notes from the video ‘Diffusion| PSLE English Grammar | Affect vs Effect‘ :
When do we use affect or effect?
These two words are easily confused because of how similar they sound.
So, what’s the difference between the words?
Affect is usually a verb and it means to impact or to change.
Say your friend, Tom, heard that his brother was seriously injured in an accident,
You would say that Tom was severely affected by the bad news.
On the other hand, effect is usually a noun and it means a result of a change or consequence of an action.
Let’s return to the previous example, if you want to describe how hearing the news impacted Tom, you could say that:
The bad news had a negative effect on Tom.
However, the effect and affect rule has exceptions. In some situations, effect is a verb while affect is a noun.
Effect could also mean to cause something to happen.
For example, if there are new policy changes happening next week, you could say that:
The government will effect these changes next week.
Let’s look at another exception.
Affect as a noun means emotion or feeling.
For example, if you went to the psychiatrist, he may observe your affect.